Career Talk

Learn what engineers do……..

Engineering is the process of envisioning, inventing, creating and building the world around us.

Engineers use the natural chemicals and materials found in the world, as well as the artificial chemicals and materials created in the laboratory, to design and build the things we need every day.

For example, engineers use: •Brick, steel and glass to design and build buildings •Earth, rock, cement and asphalt to design and build roads and roadway systems •Wood, aluminum and new composite materials to design and build cars, airplanes and jets •Earth-moving plans to design and build tunnels and dams •Engineering technology to solve and prevent medical problems by creating artificial limbs, artificial valves for the heart, various types of sensors for the blind, and safety equipment and clothing for firefighters •The principles of chemistry to solve problems involving the production or use of chemicals and biochemicals •And, knowledge of the properties of light to build lasers and the physiology of the body to design products that are comfortable and safe to use.

In fact, before we can buy any product from a store – such as laundry detergent, computers, vacuum cleaners and tennis racquets – engineers must bring all the right materials together and assemble them in just the right way.

How do engineers do all this?

By using math and science to solve problems, engineers create new things and improve old things. As a result, engineers make our lives better.

Career Outlook

Discover what types of engineers will be needed in the future

Turnover in engineering is expected as many older engineers begin retiring. Employers will seek the best and brightest new engineers entering various fields.

Outlook for chemical engineers

Chemical engineers are expected to have average employment growth through 2014 . Among manufacturing industries, pharmaceuticals may provide the best opportunities for jobseekers. However, most employment growth for chemical engineers will be in service industries such as scientific research and development services, particularly in energy and the developing fields of biotechnology and nanotechnology

Outlook for biomedical engineers

Biomedical engineers are expected to have 21 percent employment growth through 2016, much faster than the average for all occupations. The aging of the population and the focus on health issues will drive demand for better medical devices and equipment designed by biomedical engineers. Along with the demand for more sophisticated medical equipment and procedures, an increased concern for cost-effectiveness will boost demand for biomedical engineers, particularly in pharmaceutical manufacturing and related industries. A graduate degree is recommended or required for many entry-level jobs.

Outlook for civil engineers

Civil engineers are expected to see average employment growth through 2014 . Spurred by general population growth and an increased emphasis on infrastructure security, more civil engineers will be needed to design and construct safe and higher capacity transportation, water supply, and pollution control systems, as well as large buildings and building complexes. They also will be needed to repair or replace existing roads, bridges, and other public structures

Outlook for sustainability design and environmental engineers

The fields of sustainability and environmental design are separate but have a significant cross-over. They are expected to have 25 percent employment growth through 2016, much faster than the average for all occupations. More environmental and sustainability engineers will be needed to comply with environmental regulations and to develop “green” methods and buildings as we progress into the next decade. A shift in emphasis toward preventing problems rather than controlling those that already exist, as well as increasing public health concerns resulting from population growth, are expected to spur demand for sustainability and environmental engineers. Because of this employment growth, job opportunities should be good even as more students earn degrees.

Outlook for computer software engineers

Computer software engineers are in great demand. This field will be one of the fastest growing through 2012 and beyond.

Outlook for electrical and electronics engineers .

Electrical and electronics engineers should have favorable employment opportunities through 2014 . Prospects should be particularly good for electrical engineers working in engineering services firms providing technical expertise to other companies on specific projects .Photonics is a specialized, but rising area of opportunity due to increased uses for laser technology in both the military and commercial communications and computer industries

Outlook for mechanical engineers

Through 2014, employment of mechanical engineers in manufacturing should increase as the demand for improved machinery and machine tools grows and as industrial machinery and processes become increasingly complex. Also, emerging technologies in biotechnology, materials science, and nanotechnology will create new job opportunities for mechanical engineers •Additional opportunities for mechanical engineers will arise because the skills acquired through earning a degree in mechanical engineering often can be applied in other engineering specialties

Outlook for Environmental Engineers

Employment of environmental engineers is expected to increase much faster than the average for all occupations through 2014. More environmental engineers will be needed to comply with environmental regulations and to develop methods of cleaning up existing hazards . A shift in emphasis toward preventing problems rather than controlling those that already exist, as well as increasing public health concerns, also will spur demand for environmental engineers

Outlook for Materials Engineers

Materials engineers will be needed to develop new materials for electronics, biotechnology, and plastics products. Growth should be particularly strong for materials engineers working on nanomaterials and biomaterials . As manufacturing firms contract for their materials engineering needs, employment growth is expected in professional, scientific, and technical services industries .

Outlook for Aerospace engineers

Although increases in the number and scope of military aerospace projects likely will generate new jobs, increased efficiency will limit the number of new jobs in the design and production of commercial aircraft. Even with slow growth, the employment outlook appears favorable for aerospace engineers through 2014.

Did you know that civil engineering is one of the oldest fields of engineering?

Think about ancient Rome. You’ve probably seen pictures of Rome’s magnificent architecture such as the Roman Colosseum and the Pantheon. But the Romans also were some of the earliest civil engineers. For example, the Romans were some of the first to build roads throughout their empire .Built beautiful and functional aqueducts, a system of bridges and canals, used to redirect and bring water into cities

Aeronautical, industrial, electrical, nuclear, computer, genetic, and biomechanical engineering are more modern developments.

An engineering education is based on a strong foundation in math and science. Additional courses emphasize the application of this knowledge to a specific engineering field. Studies in the social sciences and the humanities give the engineer a broader education.

 

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